According to Countryaah data, Kosovo is a secular state. 95.6 percent of the population are Muslims, 2.2 percent are Roman Catholic and 1.5 percent are Orthodox Christians.
Religious differences in Kosovo largely follow ethnic divides. Almost all Albanians have a Muslim background, while the Serbs are Orthodox Christians. In addition, there are small groups of Turkish – and Slavic – speaking Muslims. Most Catholics are Albanian. The Roman people are Muslims and Christians.
Religious cultural heritage
There are many forms of Islam in Kosovo. This store in Gjakova sells headgear to various Sufi orders in Kosovo and abroad.
From 1389 to 1912, Kosovo was officially under Ottoman rule. The majority of Albanians eventually converted to Islam, while most Serbs remained Christians, closely associated with the Serbian Orthodox Church. This church was an important carrier of Serbian art and culture, especially after the restoration of the Patriarchate in Peć in 1557. The monasteries in Western Kosovo (Dečani and Peć) in 2006 was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Orthodox Church of Our Lady of Ljevis in The Price from 1306-1309. On the UNESCO list, they are listed under “Medieval monuments in Kosovo”. Kosovo has also preserved several mosques in the classic Ottoman style, such as the Sinan-Pasha Mosque in Prizren from 1615 and the Imperial Mosque in Pristina from 1461.
In Yugoslavia the people became very secular, and much of the religious cultural heritage was neglected and destroyed. Since religious symbols are largely associated with Albanians and Serbs, respectively, and their history in the area, they have often been attacked during periods of conflict and war. In 1998–1999, dozens of Muslim buildings were destroyed, such as the Ottoman bazaar in Gjakova (Ðakovica) and the Red Mosque in Peć from the 18th century. In connection with Albanian revenge attacks, many Orthodox churches have been destroyed.