|There are six continents, six
large tracts of land immersed on planet Earth,
which are limited by the oceans, seas, mountains and hills.
Which ones are they? Check out:
Facts About 6 Continents
- Africa: it has about
30,230,000 km˛ of territorial extension,
distributed in 53 countries, with
Nigeria being the most populous, according to Countryaah. It is the continent to
which the great part of the malnourished
population belongs and where the
greatest social problems of today are presented.
The HIV virus has its highest incidence on this
continent. However, Africa has a great diversity
of cultures and is home to the most
beautiful natural landscapes.
- America: it is divided into three
major fundamental parts. They are: North America(23,651,000
km˛), Central America (731,000 km˛) and
South America (17,833,000 km˛). Thus,
in total, America has 42,215,000 km˛ of
territorial extension. It is made up of 35
countries and has a population of 934.3 million
inhabitants. In North America there are high
rates of human development, in countries like
the United States and Canada, for example. South and
Central America, on the other hand, are regions in which
there are several socio-economic problems,
such as high infant mortality rates.
- Antarctica: It is located almost
entirely in the south of the Antarctic polar circle. It
is the fourth largest continent in the world with
14,108,000 km˛ of extension. However,
in winter, its size reaches almost double,
due to the large volume of sea ice that forms around it.
- Asia: it is the largest (
482.000 km˛) and most populous
continent, with 4.1 billion inhabitants,
which consists of approximately 60% of the world
population. Japan, a country belonging to the
Asian continent, is currently the owner of the
most prosperous economies in the world.
- Europe: 360.000 km˛
of territorial area distributed by 49
independent countries and 749.6 million
inhabitants. Europe is home to some of the more
developed countries that have one of the
highest human development indices. However, it is the
continent with the lowest population growth:
0.1% per year.
- Oceania: It is also known as the
Australian continent. It represents the
smallest continental portion: 8,480,000 km˛
of territory, divided by 14 different
nations, where 37.1 million people live. With
the exception of Australia and New Zealand, Oceania
exhibits several economic problems.
But the answer to the question "how many continents are
there on the globe?" it's not that linear.
Not everyone agrees with the definition of "continent",
and different countries and cultural spheres around the
globe choose different continental models:
- Four continents: According to this
model, Europe, Africa and Asia should be a single
continent - Eurafrásia. It is a model
based on the "geological" definition of continent - that
of an area of continuous land.
- Five continents (traditional model):
Only permanently inhabited continents count
here (excludes Antarctica). This model is depicted in
the 5 rings of the Olympic Games.
- Five continents (variation): In
this, Antarctica is considered a continent; but Europe
and Asia together are just one - Eurasia.
- Six continents (traditional model):
The six continents are the five of the traditional
model, but include Antarctica. It is taught in Latin
America and, in Europe, in some countries like Portugal,
Spain, Italy, Greece and Belgium.
- Six continents (geological model):
It is connected to continental tectonic plates.
- Seven continents: Conventional
model taught in most English-speaking countries and
China. It divides America into North America (includes
Central America) and South America. Oceania is commonly
referred to as the Australian continent.
Each continent has different climatic,
population, cultural and economic characteristics.
Taken together, the 6 continents represent 29.1%
of the surface of planet Earth.
There are 400 million years, there was
only a single continent called
Pangea. The current configuration of the Earth is
due to the process of displacement of the Earth's
crust (movement of tectonic plates) and was
established about 60 million years ago.