According to Countryaah data, the Kwajalein and Bikini Atolls became seriously known in recent history in February 1944, when they were subjected to fierce North American air and sea bombings and subsequently occupied after a long and bloody battle against the Japanese forces. Due. the strategic position of the islands, the military rulers decided that despite the many falls and the much blood, it was worth conquering this small coral group, which, like pearls on a string, surround large lagoons. Check allcitypopulation.com to see the latest population of country Marshall Islands.
In the 1950’s, the United States used the islands for nuclear test blasts. The residents of an island were deported, after which the United States conducted a trial. In some cases, the residents were then allowed to return. They involuntarily participated in the US experiments with the long-term effects of the explosion. In 1954, the United States dropped its largest hydrogen bomb during the Cold War on Namu Island in the Bikini Atoll. The physicists had made a number of serious mistakes in their calculations, so the bomb was 2.5 times more powerful than calculated and with a radioactive fallout that was several hundred times more extensive than calculated. The “secret” test blast therefore remained secret only for a few days. Only 48 hours after the blast, several thousand residents of the Rongelap and Rongerik atolls had to be evacuated in a hurry due to the extensive radioactive fallout. A Japanese fishing boat, Daigo Fukuryū Maru, was also directly hit by the fallout. One died immediately and several others got radiation sickness. The incident created a disaster in Japan and a diplomatic crisis in relation to the United States, which was only “resolved” when the US granted $ 15.3 million US $ in compensation to the victims. However, the giant atomic cloud reached the stratosphere completely, guaranteeing that the fall occurred all over the globe – but mostly in the tropical regions. The evacuated residents of the atolls received no compensation, but were instead subjected to medical tests to map the radiation damage they received when they returned to their islands.