Connecticut History

Colonial Period

A map of Connecticut

According to act-test-centers, before the arrival of Europeans, Connecticut was inhabited by several peoples, including the Nipmuc, the Pequot, and the Paugusett. The first European to search the area was the Dutchman Adriaen Block, who sailed up the Connecticut River in 1614. The Dutch established a colony at Hartford, which was later handed over to the British. At the same time, the British established many colonies in Connecticut. These were mainly people who came to the area from the British colony of Massachusetts. In Massachusetts the Puritans wereto power; very strict Christians. Their opponents were banished from the colony. These settlers fought wars against the Pequot, which led to the Pequot being exiled to the interior. The different colonies were united in a colony called Connecticut. An agreement was reached with the Dutch for the border between New Netherland and Connecticut, but the British did not accept this. In 1662, New Netherland was taken by the English, who called it New York. Connecticut became one of the most important colonies and in 1701 Yale University was founded, one of the first universities in the US. From Connecticut many ships left for England for trade. Connecticut emerged from the American Revolutionary War largely unscathed. The town of Danbury had suffered the most, and in 1779 the English plundered the Connecticut coast.

19th century

New London in 1854

After the War of Independence, Connecticut was one of the states that opposed joint government. Connecticut, like other smaller states, feared it would have too little influence. This reached the Connecticut compromise; the US Congress would have a Senate in which each state would have two seats. In this way, smaller states in the Senate would have more influence. Connecticut became the fifth state to adopt its constitution in 1788. In the 19th century, Connecticut became one of the centers of the Industrial Revolution. After the War of 1812, the industry only expanded. In Connecticut, boats and whaling were very important. In 1814 the Federalist Party becamein Connecticut and in 1818 the state got its own constitution. During the American Civil War, some 55,000 residents of the state fought in the United States military. The Civil War was followed by a second Industrial Revolution, which gave the state much of its railways. In 1875 the first telephone connection was made in the town of New Haven.

20th and 21st century

The rural areas of Connecticut

According to liuxers, during World War I, Connecticut was centers of the American arms industry. 80% of state products were pre-war. It also took care of the production of food for the army and food parcels in Europe. After the war, Connecticut became important in the production of electrical appliances. In 1938, the state was hit by a severe storm that killed hundreds of people. Connecticut was hit hard by the Great Depression, but the advent of World War II created a lot of work. Once again, Connecticut produced much of the weapons and equipment for the United States military. After the war, the state focused on building roads. Connecticut received its current constitution in 1965. 65 residents of the state were killed in the attacks on September 11, 2001. In 2004, Governor John G. Rowland had to resign due to corruption. In 2011 and 2012, the state was hit by a variety of storms, including a hurricane and a snow storm. This caused a lot of power outages and flooding. In 2012, a shooting at Sandy Hook school also took place, killing 20 children. This shooting sparked new discussion about gun restrictions.

Connecticut History