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Religion in South America

Latin America - religion

About 90% of Latin America's population belongs to the Roman Catholic Church. In practice, there are many places of blending of the original forms of belief, such as shamanism, and Christianity. According to Countryaah, Brazil is the largest country in South America.

Catholic mission was in line with the Spanish and Portuguese conquest of the continent. The Spanish king formally governed the Catholic Church in the Spanish-occupied territories, but the church quickly developed its independence, gained its own courts and large tracts of land. Often, there was a conflict over competencies between the crown and the church.

Latin America

The people of the church appeared as part of the often harsh colonization, in which the Indians were forced to work for a landowner and forced Christian. Early groups or individuals objected to the abuse; "Aren't the Indians then humans?", A Dominican monk preached as early as 1511. A Franciscan, Jacobo Daciano ('from Denmark', d. 1567), demanded that the Indians should receive the sacraments, ie. considered human. He himself handed them the communion (the sacrament), but did not heed his claim that they might also become priests. The Spanish Dominican Bartolomé de las Casas had a great influence on the more humane "new laws" of 1542. The Catholic orders prevailed in the mission work, first the Franciscans, Dominicans and Augustinian emitters, from the 1560s, as well as the Jesuits, who in very closed mission colonies, the reducciones, in Paraguay protected the Indians from the colonizers; The Jesuits were expelled by Latin America in 1767.

When the colonies became independent states in the early 1800s, the church was temporarily weakened. The owned land, and church leaders could therefore be perceived as colonial landlords who had to be fought during the independence struggle. Especially in Mexico, anti-clericalism was rampant.

The importation of slaves from West Africa followed African cult forms, which helped to form new forms of mixing in America.

The duplicity of the church's role in Latin America is also seen in the second half of the 1900s, where the church has occasionally been in alliance with monastic regimes. Most significant, however, is the theology of liberation, whose practical work for the poor and oppressed has at times been supported by the pope, in others criticized. Only Fidel Castro's communist Cuba can be called direct church hostility among Latin American countries in recent times; In the mid-1990s, however, Castro made an approximation, and the pope visited Cuba in 1998. In 1900-t. Protestant movements, often of a more fundamentalist nature, have spread through missions from the United States in particular.

Countries in South America
  1. Argentina
  2. Bolivia
  3. Brazil
  4. Chile
  5. Colombia
  6. Ecuador
  7. Guyana
  8. Paraguay
  9. Peru
  10. Suriname
  11. Uruguay
  12. Venezuela

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