Geography of Hampton County, South Carolina

Hampton County, located in the Lowcountry region of South Carolina, boasts a rich geographical landscape characterized by diverse ecosystems, including rivers, forests, wetlands, and lakes. Its climate, influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, is generally subtropical, featuring hot summers, mild winters, and ample precipitation throughout the year. Additionally, the county is home to several notable rivers, such as the Savannah River and the Salkehatchie River, which have played significant roles in shaping both the natural environment and the area’s historical development. Moreover, Hampton County contains numerous lakes and wetlands, contributing to its ecological diversity and providing habitats for various wildlife species. In this comprehensive overview, we will delve into the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other natural features of Hampton County, South Carolina.┬áCheck homethodology to learn more about the state of South Carolina.

Geography and Climate:

Hampton County encompasses an area of approximately 563 square miles in the southeastern part of South Carolina. It is bordered by Colleton County to the east, Allendale County to the south, Jasper County to the west, and Bamberg County to the north. The county seat, Hampton, lies near its center.

The landscape of Hampton County is predominantly flat, with elevations generally ranging from sea level to just a few feet above. This flat terrain is characteristic of the Lowcountry region of South Carolina, which is known for its marshes, swamps, and tidal creeks. The soil in Hampton County is fertile, making it suitable for agriculture, particularly rice cultivation, which historically played a significant role in the county’s economy.

The climate of Hampton County is classified as humid subtropical, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild, relatively drier winters. The proximity of the county to the Atlantic Ocean moderates temperatures throughout the year, with cooling sea breezes providing relief during the summer months. Average high temperatures in the summer typically range from the upper 80s to low 90s Fahrenheit, while winter highs average in the 50s to low 60s Fahrenheit. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with the wettest months occurring in summer and early fall. Hampton County experiences occasional tropical cyclones, which can bring heavy rainfall and strong winds to the area.


Hampton County is intersected by several rivers, the most prominent of which are the Savannah River and the Salkehatchie River.

The Savannah River forms part of the county’s southwestern border with Georgia. It is one of the longest rivers in the southeastern United States, flowing approximately 301 miles from its headwaters in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina to its mouth at the Atlantic Ocean near Savannah, Georgia. The Savannah River has played a significant role in the history of Hampton County, serving as a vital transportation route for trade and commerce.

The Salkehatchie River, another important waterway in Hampton County, flows through the central part of the county before joining the Combahee River to form the Coosawhatchie River. The Salkehatchie River is known for its scenic beauty and diverse wildlife, making it a popular destination for outdoor recreation such as fishing, kayaking, and birdwatching.

Other smaller rivers and creeks meander throughout Hampton County, including the Tullifinny River, which flows through the northern part of the county, and the Pocotaligo River, which forms part of the county’s eastern border with Colleton County.

Lakes and Wetlands:

In addition to its rivers, Hampton County is home to numerous lakes, ponds, and wetlands that contribute to its ecological diversity and provide habitats for a variety of plant and animal species.

Lake Warren State Park, located in the northern part of the county, is one of the primary recreational areas in Hampton County. The park features a 200-acre lake surrounded by cypress trees, providing opportunities for fishing, boating, picnicking, and hiking.

The county’s wetlands, including swamps and marshes, are vital ecosystems that support a rich array of wildlife, including migratory birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. These wetlands also play a crucial role in flood control and water filtration, helping to maintain water quality in the region.


Hampton County, South Carolina, offers a diverse and dynamic natural landscape shaped by its rivers, lakes, wetlands, and subtropical climate. From the fertile plains and marshes to the meandering rivers and tranquil lakes, the county’s geography provides a wealth of resources and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. As a vital part of the Lowcountry region, Hampton County continues to be shaped by its natural environment, serving as a reminder of the importance of conservation and stewardship in preserving the rich heritage of this unique area.