According to thesciencetutor, Uruguay had a population density of 19 residents per km 2 in 2019, but a large part is concentrated to the country’s southern and southwest parts, including around the metropolitan area, which houses about 50 percent of the country’s residents. In 2019, 95 percent of the population lived in cities, which is the highest degree of urbanization in South America.
According to Countryaah data, Uruguay is usually considered to have the continent’s most homogeneous population. The indigenous peoples in the area during colonial times, semi-nomadic gathering and hunter-gatherers, such as charrúa and chaná, were exterminated early, and few black slaves were imported here. The limited number that came most often originated in Brazil. This has led to the population of about 90 percent being of European origin, mainly since Spaniards and Italians who immigrated in the 19th and 20th centuries. Elements of French and English immigration can also be noticed. The country also has an unusually significant Jewish minority for South American conditions. Incidentally, there are a smaller number of Afro-Uruguayans and mastics, the latter the result of the few peaceful contacts with the indigenous people.
Spanish is the official language and is spoken by the entire population. In the border regions of Brazil, everyday language is heavily influenced by Portuguese.
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The Spanish colonial church persecuted the religions practiced by the indigenous people. After independence in 1828 came mainly Methodists, Baptists and followers of Pentecostal movements, but also many Catholic immigrants from Italy and Spain. Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Moon Movement have become significant power factors. 60% of the population is Catholic. Under the influence of the Latin American Episcopal Conferences (CELAM), a church renewal is underway. Ecumenics is mainly found as social work for the poor and marginalized. Evangelical and charismatic groups are increasing.