New Zealand's population had its roots after the Second
World War mainly in the UK but also in Germany, the
Netherlands, Scandinavia (the number of Swedish kittens is
estimated at 10,000) and Southern Europe. Since then,
immigrants have also come from East Asia, India and various
parts of Polynesia. During most of the 1980s, emigration
predominated, mainly to Australia, but since the beginning
of the 1990s, immigration has again been greater than
emigration and the immigration surplus has gradually
The Maoris, who mostly live on the North Island, amount
to about 525,000 people, which corresponds to about 5
percent of the population. 86 percent of the population live
in localities with more than 1,000 residents. The largest
cities are Auckland (1.5 million residents, 2018) and
Christchurch (377,200) on the South Island.
Official languages are English and Maori. English is
spoken by the majority of the population, while Maori
according to the census is spoken by 4%.
Countryaah data, New Zealand is nominally Christian, but 20% of the
population does not profess any religion. Three churches
dominate: the Anglican (22%), the Presbyterian (16%) and the
Roman Catholic (15%). There are many smaller Protestant
churches and an Orthodox.
Christian culture was largely introduced through European
immigration. The Anglican Church was introduced through
missionaries from Australia in 1814. Its first bishop,
Selwyn, was also active in the missionary work in Melanesia.
Many of the churches have also been established among the
Maoris. In addition, several indigenous churches have been
developed in the meeting between the Polynesian and the
The ecumenical work is coordinated through the Conference
of Churches in Aotearoa and Maori Ecumenical Body in
Aotearoa. The large Protestant churches are also members of
the Christian Conference of Asia (CCA).