Papua New Guinea Geography and Climate

Papa New Guinea is formally called the Independent State of Papua New Guinea and this is a country made up of islands located in the western Pacific Ocean. As the name suggests, part of the country is located in the eastern half of New Guinea. The country gained its independence from Australia in 1975 and is today home to several hundred different Papuan and Melanesian tribes. Each tribe has its own language and most people living in this area live off agriculture. The islands consist of mountains, jungle and wetlands, and today many people choose to come here as tourists to experience the beautiful landscape and the exciting cultures up close.

Geography and climate

It can be said that a large part of Papua New Guinea consists of mountain scenery and the highest point is Mount Wilhelm which has a peak of 4,509 meters. The wetlands are located around the rivers Fly and Sepik and there is also plenty of rainforest. Here you can also find volcanoes that are active, which is due to the fact that the area is located right at the junction of several continental plates. Papua New Guinea is occasionally hit by earthquakes as well as tsunami waves. The archipelagos that belong to the country are:

  • Bismarck Archipelago
  • D’Entrecasteaux islands
  • Le Maire islands
  • Louisiade Islands
  • Trobriand Islands
  • Bougainville

Because the island of New Guinea has such high points, there are places where the temperature can drop so low that at certain times of the year you get snow. This is otherwise quite unusual in the regions that are so close to the equator. The largest cities are on the island of New Guinea and these include the capital Port Moresby and Lae. Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs that are actively working to protect and preserve.

According to Bridgat, the climate is tropical and the temperature inland is around 26 ° C while the lower parts of the mountains are normally around 26 ° C. Between June and September you have a drier season and between December and March it is rainy season. During the rainy season, typhoons can pull in over Papua New Guinea and sometimes this leads to severe floods.


Papua New Guinea has natural resources in the form of gold, silver, copper, natural gas and petroleum, which bodes well for the country’s economic future. In addition, the country has become something of a tourist attraction that people from all corners of the world visit to see the beautiful nature, experience different cultures, hike in the jungle, cross the Sepik river or surf and dive in water where there is fantastic wildlife and beautiful coral reefs.. It is not easy to get to all the places in Papua New Guinea and many times smaller flights are required to be able to reach untouched nature and unique encounters with exciting animal species.

Papua New Guinea Geography