According to thesciencetutor, the population in Vanuatu is more than 95 percent of Melanesians. In addition, Polynesians, Europeans, Micronesians and Asians. The islands are mountainous, and the population lives along the coasts. The country has only a few larger towns; the largest is the capital Port Vila (51,300 residents, 2012).
According to Countryaah data, Vanuatu has three official languages: bislama (an English-based pidgin language), which has the status of national language, as well as English and French. The country is probably the most linguistically fragmented population in the world. More than a hundred indigenous languages are counted, all belonging to the oceanic branch of the Austronesian languages.
The country is characterized by more than 80 percent of the population being Christian. Christianity’s establishment was begun in 1839 in the southern parts by missionaries from the Cook Islands and Samoa. This work later formed the Presbyterian Church. In 1849, the New Zealand Anglican Church began training young Vanuatu for missionary work among their own. The Presbyterian Church (2007) makes up 28 percent of the population, while Anglican and Roman Catholic make up just under 15 percent each. The smaller churches include Seventh-day Adventists and the Church of Christ. The churches coordinate much work through the Vanuatu Christian Council (VCC). About 10 percent belong to various smaller, indigenous churches and cargo cults.
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Vanuatu – Port Vila
Port Vila, also Vila, capital of Vanuatu, southwest Pacific; 51,300 residents (2012). Port Vila, located on the southwestern coast of the island of Efate, is the country’s main port and commercial center. The city bears traces of, above all, French influence. The population is of very mixed origin, including French, British and Vietnamese. In 2015, large parts of the city’s development were destroyed by the tropical cyclone Pam.