Countryaah data, Kuwait's population was estimated at 4.1 million in 2019.
More than half of the population is immigrant, most of whom
are Arabs. However, the proportion of non-Arab guest workers
from Asia has increased significantly since the mid-1970s.
In Kuwait there are also close to half a million Indians.
Furthermore, there are large groups of Egyptians,
Pakistanis, Bangladeshi, Iranians, Afghans and Filipinos.
Most Palestinians have been forced to leave the country
because of their support for Iraq during Iraq's invasion of
Kuwait in 1991; today only a few thousand remain.
During the period 1985-89, the annual population increase
was 4.8 percent, and during the Iraq invasion of 1990, the
country had 2.1 million residents. Of these, about 30
percent were estimated to be Kuwaiti citizens. During the
invasion, many fled, and it is estimated that the population
was down to about 700,000.
The official language is Arabic. The spoken language is
of the badaw type and belongs to the yellow dialects, which
form a branch of the Anaza group, the dominant dialect group
in the northern Arabian peninsula. The spoken language has
also been influenced by the numerous guest workers from
other Arab countries. English is widely used and widely used
as a lingua franca in contacts between Kuwaiti and guest
The vast majority of the indigenous population are
Muslims. Like the ruling family dynasty (Al Sabah), most
Sunnis belong to the Malikite law school. About 30% are Shia
With guest workers included, the number of Christians
amounts to at least 10% of the population, perhaps
significantly more. The largest single group of Christians
is Roman Catholics. A relatively large proportion of Asian
guest workers are otherwise Protestants. In recent years,
several churches have been built in Kuwait.
The relationship between the leading Sunni majority and
some Shiite groups has at times been tense. Among Shiite
groups, there is criticism of the regime, which is accused
of discriminating against them. Particularly during the
1980s, contradictions were reported as a result of the
revolution in Iran in 1979 and the subsequent war between
Iran and Iraq. Tensions rose after the US-British invasion
of Iraq in 2003 and the subsequent Shiite dominance of Iraq.
The riots in Bahrain during the Arab Spring have also