Barbados, a small island nation in the Caribbean, is situated to the east of the Lesser Antilles. Known for its stunning beaches, vibrant culture, and historical significance, Barbados is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. Bridgetown, the capital and largest city, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With a population of around 287,000 people, Barbados gained independence from British colonial rule in 1966 but maintains ties to the British monarchy. The political system features a Governor-General as the representative of the monarch, while the Prime Minister serves as the head of government. Mia Mottley has been serving as the Prime Minister since 2018, leading the Barbados Labour Party (BLP). The political landscape is characterized by a stable two-party system, with the Democratic Labour Party (DLP) being the major opposition. Barbados has a diversified economy, with key sectors including tourism, financial services, and agriculture. The nation has actively pursued social development, with a focus on education and healthcare, contributing to high human development indices. In 2021, Barbados announced its intention to transition to a republic by removing the British monarch as its head of state, reflecting a move towards full sovereignty. The island faces challenges associated with climate change, including rising sea levels and natural disasters, and is committed to sustainable development practices. Barbados plays an active role in regional organizations such as the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), contributing to discussions on issues ranging from climate change to economic cooperation. While Barbados has made significant strides in economic and social development, challenges such as income inequality and the vulnerability to external economic shocks remain on the national agenda. It’s important to note that the political and economic situation in Barbados may have evolved, and I recommend checking more recent sources for the latest developments in the country. DISEASESLEARNING: Features political system of Barbados.