According to Countryaah data, one of the Slavic population groups, the Slovenes, settled in the 6th century possibly in the area that is today Slovenia. It was subjugated to Bavaria from the year 743, but later incorporated into the Frankish Empire of Karl D. Store. With the division of the empire in the 9th century, the area was taken over by the Germans. The Slovenes were reduced to aliens and the region north of the Drava River was totally “Germanized”.
However, the Slovenian people retained their cultural distinctiveness, thanks to the efforts of their leaders, who for the most part were monks. Austria expanded its sphere of interest in the area from the end of the 13th century. In the period from the 15th to the 16th year. made the Slovenes revolt numerous times; together with the Croats, in 1573, they succeeded in forcing the Austrian king to improve the conditions of the peasants.
According to thesciencetutor, much of Slovenia was, after 1809, incorporated into the ilyric provinces of Napoleonic Empire. After his defeat in 1814, the dominance of the Habsburgs in the region was restored. After the revolution of 1848, the Slovenes demanded the creation of a united Slovenian province under the Austrian royal house; the first initiatives to implement this were taken in the 1870s.
In the 1890s, the political parties “The Slovenian People”, which were Catholic, were formed; the Liberal Progress Party and the Socialist Party. Members of the Catholic priesthood participated in the collective organization of peasants and craftsmen. In 1917, the Austrian Parliament, as well as representatives of the Slovenes and other Slavic peoples, defended the unification of the territories into a political, autonomous unit under the leadership of the Habsburgs.
At the end of World War I in 1918, and under the influence of popular enthusiasm over the defeat of Austria-Hungary, the Slovenian leaders supported the creation of a Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian kingdom. The new nation was christened in 1919 Yugoslavia, meaning the land of the South Slavs.
With the Treaty of Saint Germain signed between the victors and Austria, only a small part of southern Carintia was allocated to Yugoslavia. Two referendums were cast to decide the remainder of Carintia’s fate, but when the people of the South in 1920 voted in favor of an affiliation with Austria, the referendum in the north was canceled and both regions came under Austrian leadership.
The Serbs’ dominant position in Yugoslavia led to some dissatisfaction among the Slovenes, although not as extreme as the Croats, where strong anti-Serbian organizations emerged. During World War II, Slovenia was divided between Italy, Germany and Hungary. Among the Slovenian freedom fighters in particular stood out the Liberation Front, which was led by the Communists.
The communist resistance movement was fought simultaneously on two fronts: against the occupying powers and against the internal opponents, especially against the Slovenian People’s Party. The occupiers, in turn, formed anti-communist militias with the participation of the locals. After the defeat of the Axis powers, most of Slovenia was again incorporated into Yugoslavia.
In founding the People’s Republic of Yugoslavia in 1945, Slovenia became one of the six republics of the federation with its own legislative assembly and government. The Legislative Assembly was composed of the Republic Council, elected by the people, and a Council of Producers, elected by workers and officials of the Slovenian industry.
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Although these bodies did not constitute an independent government in a self-governing system led by the Yugoslav Communist League, Slovenia largely maintained its economic and cultural independence. When the new constitution was introduced in 1974, the name Socialist Republic was added.