1980 Tito dies
According to Countryaah data, after Tito’s death in April 1980, power passed to a collegiate presidential council consisting of one representative from each republic and autonomous province, as well as the president of the LCY. The presidency went on tour and for a year at a time. The new regime preserved Tito’s self-government socialism and freedom of alliance.
Despite the fruitful economic development of the 1960’s, Serbia and Croatia in particular became exporters of labor. The amounts that their migrant workers sent home from especially Germany, Austria and Italy, together with the tourist income, helped to offset the current account deficit. This importance became even greater in the 1980’s as the economy deteriorated.
In March-April 1981, riots erupted in the province of Kosova, and this was repeated in 1988 and 90. It was the poorest province in Yugoslavia with a population of 1.9 million, 90% of whom were of Albanian descent. In 1990, unemployment was 50% and per capita income was US $ 730, while in Serbia it was US $ 2,200.
1995 Dayton Peace Agreement
Milosovic’s position was further strengthened following the peace agreement in Dayton, Ohio in November. But his greatest triumph was when the United States, following the signing of the Paris peace agreement on December 14, lifted the sanctions against Yugoslavia. During the blockade, incomes had fallen to half and a million and a half had been thrown into unemployment.
According to thesciencetutor, one month before the August 96 elections in Bosnia, 220,640 refugees of this nationality had registered as voters in Serbia and Montenegro.
In November 1996, the opposition won the local elections in Serbia – including the mayor’s post in Belgrade. When the ruling Socialist Party refused to recognize the election result, it led to several months of daily and extensive popular protest demonstrations, ultimately forcing the Milosovic regime to recognize the election result. However, during 1997 Milosovic managed to split the opposition.
1997 The conflict in Kosova intensifies
In 1997, clashes took place between the federal army and the people of Kosova. Milosovic conducted a referendum throughout Serbia on whether foreign mediators should be involved in the conflict, and this was rejected by 75% of voters. The vote was boycotted by the Albanian speaking population of Kosova.
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In April 98, the Yugoslav army killed two Albanian nationals trying to enter the country. The pretext was that they were “terrorists”. This worsened the relationship between Yugoslavia and Albania accused by Belgrade of arming the independence movement UCK in Kosova. A week later, the so-called “contact group” consisting of the United States, France, Italy, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom formed a common position vis-à-vis the events in which they called for dialogue between the parties. The United States wanted to go further by declaring that a new blockade of Yugoslavia should be introduced for, inter alia, to prevent arms and investment imports if Milosovic refused to enter into dialogue. However, this threat was rejected by Russia, which has traditionally been close to Serbia.