All of these conditions triggered fierce internal contradictions between MMM and MSP, leading to a postponement of elections in August 1983. In this election, MMM suffered defeat and a new coalition government formed by the Labor Party, the MSP and Duval’s Social Democrats was formed. Yet political stability was fragile. Alliances within the government were constantly changing without being able to consolidate. The major parties were split, leading to the formation of new political groups such as the Mauritius Socialist Movement (MSM) – a scaling off of the MSP led by later Prime Minister Aneerood Jugnauth.
According to Countryaah data, Mauritius’ greatest economic potential lies within industrial production – especially the textile industry. The country’s industrial free zones employ 90,000 people, or 10% of the population. Average income per The population is 3-4 times higher than the average in Africa, but inflation has increased by 16% annually. The lack of specialized labor could trigger a new wave of emigration from Madagascar, India and Kenya.
In 1988, in accordance with the Organization of African Unity (OAU), Mauritius again demanded the island of Tromelin (administered by France) and the Chagos archipelago as well as demilitarization of the Indian Ocean, which was the scene of major military maneuvers. The claim was supported by environmental movements due to the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the affected areas.
At the December 1987 parliamentary elections, the coalition between the MSM, PSDM and the Labor Party achieved a comfortable victory, giving it the majority of parliamentary seats, and Aneerood Jugnauth was re-elected prime minister. The MMM consolidated its position as the country’s main opposition party.
In the daily press, articles appeared that linked several political leaders to drug trafficking and laundering of drug dollars. At the same time, the prime minister was subjected to several assassination attempts, at least one of which was carried out by drug dealers.
In the September 1991 parliamentary elections, the MSM succeeded in retaining Jugnauth in the post of prime minister by entering into a “historic” alliance with the MMM. In March 1992, the country ceased to be a constitutional monarchy, was transformed into a republic, and in June Cassam Uteem was named the country’s first president.
In August 1993, MMM Foreign Minister Paul Bérenger withdrew from the government and Jugnauth no longer had an absolute majority. In 1994, the World Bank and other international institutions continued to assess the country’s financial performance as satisfactory. Foreign debt accounted for 25% of GDP and per capita. The capita income was $ 2,740 a year.
In January 1995, Jugnauth engaged representatives of the right-wing PSDM in its government. At the December parliamentary elections, an opposition coalition consisting of the MMM and the Labor Party led by Paul Bérenger and Nuvin Ramgoolam received two-thirds of the seats in parliament. Ramgoolam was subsequently appointed prime minister.
The country’s social indicators improved in 1996. The average life expectancy was 70 years and the literacy rate was 81.7%. The majority of the population had access to health care, 99% to drinking water and a similar proportion to sewage.
In June 1997, the MMM withdrew from the government coalition and Rangoolam assumed the post of Foreign Minister. A few days later, Parliament re-elected Cassam Uteem to the presidential post.
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In March 2000, according to thesciencetutor, Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee visited the Mauritius. The visit coincided with the 30th anniversary of Mauritius’ independence and enabled the signing of several agreements between the two countries in the areas of trade, technology and coastguard.