The actual citizens count their ancestry from the Alemans, a Germanic tribe that took possession of the region around 500. About 90 percent are Roman Catholics. The population has increased by 40 percent since 1970, mainly through immigration.
According to Countryaah data, about 40 percent of the residents are foreigners, mostly (80 percent) from Switzerland, Austria or Germany. On the other hand, a very large proportion of citizens (Liechtenstein of Alemannic descent) live abroad.
The largest cities are Schaan (6,000 residents, 2019) and Vaduz (5,600 residents).
German is the official language and written language. In speech, a Germanic dialect is used.
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According to thesciencetutor, the Roman Catholic Church has been a state religion (Landeskirche) since 1921, but full religious freedom prevails. About 90% of the population are Roman Catholics, about 10% Protestants (1999).
LIECHTENSTEIN. – The development of industrial activities, services, tourism and above all financial and banking activities, in a small society and moreover unable to mobilize a skilled workforce itself, imposed the use of force in the 1960s. foreign work and, moreover, the daily use of 2,500 cross-border commuters. The presence of foreigners has thus increased in all sectors of active life: for example, half of the staff of secondary education is provided by Germans and Austrians. In 1962 a law set the percentage of foreigners admitted to reside in the country at 33% of the global population, as well as the immigration quotas for each nationality; a series of agreements signed in 1963 practically entrusted the police of foreigners and border control to Switzerland. Although Switzerland continues to represent the interests of the principality abroad and to exercise a number of other activities in the name of this state, Liechtenstein is also the full right holder of international sovereignty.
Political life and power remain concentrated in the hands of 5,000 voters, less than a quarter of the population. The active and passive electorate was refused, in 1971 and 1973, to women, despite the unanimous agreement of the Conservative Progressive Party (the Blacks, Fortschrittliche Bürgerpartei) and the Patriotic Union (the Reds, Vaterländische Union Volkspartei): in fact, a large percentage of the female population is made up of naturalized foreigners following marriage, and voters feared that the enlargement of the electoral base could lead to foreign influences in internal affairs. The two parties are fighting hard for control of the 15 seats of the Diet; but neither the sociological composition of the electorate nor the ideological differences explain the vigor of the political struggle. Blacks remained in power without interruption from 1930 to 1970, but regained it in 1974; currently the ratio of seats between the majority and the minority is of the order of 8 to 7. In 1965 a constitutional law established the collegiality of the government and increased the number of ministers from 2 to 4 and the duration of a legislature to four years. At the center of the political life of the country remains the family of Prince Francesco Giuseppe II, who ascended the throne in 1938, a great connoisseur of art and a famous collector, a very talented businessman and above all a skilled diplomat. It has, in theory, very extensive powers: the head of the government is accountable to the sovereign, who has a right of veto over all the texts voted by the Diet. This particularity prompts many constitutionalists to deny that the princely regime is a parliamentary democracy. In practice, the prince exercises little of the authority granted him by the constitution: only once did he make use of the right of veto, when it was a question of blocking a law that prohibited hunting. The unanimous attachment of the citizens of Liechtenstein.