1979 Dacko re-elected President of France
France now decided to overthrow the emperor and erase the bad image that had been created when the former colonial power in 1977 assisted him in the ascension. The idea then was to use him as a piece in the neo-colonial game. While Jean-Bédel Bokassa was on a state visit to Libya, on September 20, 1979, France sent a military aircraft with former President David Dacko to Bangui. He assumed power without in any way concealing that he was a piece of the former colonial power and that he had to be protected by 1,000 French soldiers. Dacko disbanded the empire, reintroduced the republic, while allowing France to use the huge air base in Bouar for a 10-year period.
1981 Military coup
According to Countryaah data, Dacko’s return was just a change of names. Corruption and repression continued as under Bokassa. In 1980, the country broke off diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and Libya, throwing out all the technicians and diplomats the two countries had in Central Africa. At the same time, the persecution of opposition politicians, who were almost all sent to prison or had to go into exile, escalated. The situation was marked by extensive conspiracy and struggle for power, and in September 1981 Dacko was overthrown by a military coup led by General Kolingba.
According to thesciencetutor, Kolingba asked France for a one-year period to accept payroll payments to the 24,000 civil servants in the country. At the same time, he approached the United States and gave the superpower new concessions on the extraction of uranium. The date of the return to constitutional order was postponed from 1982 to 1986, and on November 21 this year, Kolingba was elected president of his party, the Central African Democratic Reconstruction Party (PCRD). It happened in circumstances where the opposition did not have the opportunity to take part in the elections. During the same period, a new constitution was adopted making the country a one-party state. In July 1987, members of Parliament were elected from among PCRD members.
At the same time, the government, in cooperation with the IMF, initiated a structural adjustment program. Still, the economy as a whole showed no signs of improvement.
In 1986 Bokassa returned from his exile in France. He was in absentia have been prosecuted for sedition and sentenced to death. Now he was arrested, remanded and sentenced to a prison sentence.
In an attempt to democratize, municipal elections were held in May 1988. The elections were relatively free. aimed at improving relations with developed countries. In addition, in order to increase its popularity among the population, the regime sought to increase the self-sufficiency of food, but the country continues to figure among the world’s poorest. Together with Senegal, Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon and Djibouti, the Central African Republic is one of the most sensitive issues of French foreign policy in Africa.
In July 1991, a constitutional reform plan was adopted for the re-introduction of multi-party government. An election was postponed until October 1992, but shortly after the election began, it was canceled by Kolingba, who reportedly reported irregularities. Following the cancellation, a Provisional National Council consisting of the 5 presidential candidates was formed. The Council declared that a new election would be held in April 1993, but the election was postponed on several occasions.
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In May, a group of soldiers attacked and occupied the presidential palace and radio station in Bangui. They demanded payment of their wages which were 8 months late, but agreed to return to their positions after being paid 2 months’ wages.