Suriname, situated on the northeastern coast of South America, is known for its tropical rainforests, diverse ethnic makeup, and a population of approximately 590,000. Operating as a presidential republic, Suriname’s political landscape has been marked by a multi-party system, with key players including the National Democratic Party (NDP) and the Progressive Reform Party (VHP). President Chan Santokhi, elected in 2020, leads the government. The country gained independence from the Netherlands in 1975 and has experienced periods of political and economic challenges, including military coups and a period of authoritarian rule. Suriname’s economy is largely dependent on mining, with bauxite, gold, and oil being key resources. The capital, Paramaribo, showcases Dutch colonial architecture alongside vibrant markets. Suriname’s cultural identity is a rich blend of Indigenous, African, Indian, Javanese, and Dutch influences, expressed in traditions like Winti rituals, Carnival celebrations, and various music genres. Geopolitically, Suriname actively participates in regional organizations such as the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR). The nation faces environmental challenges, including deforestation and issues related to resource exploitation. As Suriname addresses these challenges and emphasizes sustainable development, cultural diversity, and social cohesion, its unique history, commitment to democratic governance, and diplomatic engagement contribute to its evolving role in South America and the broader international community. DISEASESLEARNING: Features political system of Suriname.