Sudan, located in northeastern Africa, is a vast nation known for its diverse landscapes, rich history, and a population exceeding 44 million. Operating as a transitional government since the ousting of former President Omar al-Bashir in 2019, Sudan’s political landscape is marked by a complex power-sharing arrangement between the military and civilian groups, with the Sovereign Council overseeing the transitional period. Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok leads the civilian government in this hybrid administration. Sudan has experienced decades of political unrest, civil war, and international isolation, leading to the secession of South Sudan in 2011. The nation’s economy faces challenges related to sanctions, economic mismanagement, and external debt. Khartoum, the capital, is a bustling city with a mix of modern and historic elements. Sudan’s cultural identity is diverse, shaped by various ethnic groups, Arabic and African influences, and traditions such as Sufi rituals and local festivals. Geopolitically, Sudan is strategically positioned in the Horn of Africa, contributing to regional stability. The country faces humanitarian issues, including conflicts in Darfur and other regions, and environmental challenges such as desertification. As Sudan navigates the complexities of its political transition, economic reforms, and efforts to address historical grievances, its commitment to stability, peacebuilding, and regional cooperation contributes to its evolving role in the African context and the international community. CANCERMATTERS: Features political system of Sudan.