Burundi, a small, landlocked country in East Africa, is characterized by its rolling hills, lakes, and rich cultural heritage. With a population of over 11 million people, Burundi gained independence from Belgian colonial rule in 1962. Bujumbura, the largest city and economic center, serves as the capital. The political history of Burundi has been marked by ethnic tensions, particularly between the Hutu and Tutsi populations, contributing to periods of conflict, including a civil war in the 1990s. The country operates under a presidential representative democratic republic, and President Évariste Ndayishimiye leads the nation following the death of Pierre Nkurunziza in 2020. Burundi has faced challenges related to governance, political freedoms, and human rights, with incidents of political violence raising international concerns. The economy relies heavily on agriculture, and efforts to diversify and attract foreign investment are underway. Burundi has engaged in regional initiatives, including participating in the East African Community (EAC), and has contributed troops to international peacekeeping missions. The country faces socio-economic challenges, including poverty, malnutrition, and a high population density. While peace has been reestablished after periods of conflict, ongoing efforts are needed to address issues of reconciliation, good governance, and political inclusivity. The nation has sought to attract tourism, showcasing its natural beauty and cultural richness, and has implemented initiatives for sustainable development. It’s important to note that the political and economic situation in Burundi may have evolved, and I recommend checking more recent sources for the latest developments in the country. CANCERMATTERS: Features political system of Burundi.