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Religion in Croatia


The dominant population group is Croats. Part of the Serbian people's group, which was previously the second largest, was forced to leave the country following Croatia's recapture of Slavonia and Krajina.

Religions of Croatia

According to Countryaah data, the population density in Croatia is 72 residents per km 2, and the largest population concentration is in a band from the Zagreb area and north. The most important cities are Zagreb (694,000 residents, 2012), Split (175,700) and Rijeka (144,300).


In Croatia, kaykavian, čakavian and štokavian dialects are spoken by the South Slavic language, formerly called Serbo-Croatian or Croatian Serbian and today sometimes Central South Slavic. Serbo Croatian has four main dialects: kaykavian, čakavian, štokavian and torlakic.

The official language is Croatian, which, like the Serbian, Montenegrin and Bosnian standard languages, is based on štokavian dialects. Languages ​​recognized as regional or minority languages according to the Council of Europe's language statute are Italian, Hungarian, Ukrainian, Russian (Rutinian), Czech, Slovak and Serbian. Croatian is also recognized as a regional or minority language in Serbia, Hungary and Romania, is one of the three official languages ​​in Bosnia and Herzegovina and may be used officially in Montenegro.


The Roman Catholics have historically been in the clear majority. On their side, however, there have been minorities of Orthodox, especially in the province of Slavonia, and elements of Protestants.

In the 11th century, the church in Croatia was tied to the papacy, following impulses from both Rome and Constantinople during the 8th century. The celibacy of the priests was carried out and the previously used Slavic liturgy was suppressed in favor of Latin worship. During the 19th century, Bishop JJ Strossmayer (1815-1905) played a crucial role in the Croatian Catholic identity. He participated in the First Vatican Council in 1870 as a leading opponent against the idea of papal infallibility.

Some Roman Catholic leaders supported the fascist regime in Croatia during World War II, which contributed to the tension with the later Yugoslav government and its anti-religious policies under Tito. The Roman Catholic Church is led by an archbishop in Zagreb.

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