Situated in southern Africa, Zambia is a landlocked country known for its diverse landscapes, wildlife, and the majestic Victoria Falls along the Zambezi River. With a history of peaceful transitions of power since gaining independence from British colonial rule in 1964, Zambia operates as a multi-party democracy. The President, elected every five years, is both the head of state and government. The political scene is dominated by the Patriotic Front (PF) led by President Edgar Lungu, who assumed office in 2015. While Zambia has enjoyed political stability, economic challenges, including high unemployment rates, poverty, and external debt, persist. The nation’s economy relies heavily on copper mining, and efforts to diversify into agriculture and tourism are underway. Zambia has a rich cultural heritage, with over 70 ethnic groups contributing to its linguistic and artistic diversity. Lusaka, the capital, is a bustling urban center, while rural areas showcase traditional customs and ceremonies. The country has played a historic role in regional diplomacy and peacekeeping efforts, contributing to its reputation as a stable force in southern Africa. As Zambia navigates economic reforms, social development, and political dynamics, its commitment to democratic principles remains crucial in shaping the nation’s future. CANCERMATTERS: Features political system of Zambia.