Venezuela, situated on the northern coast of South America, has faced a tumultuous political and economic landscape in recent years. Once considered one of the wealthiest countries in the region due to its vast oil reserves, Venezuela has experienced a severe economic downturn marked by hyperinflation, declining oil production, and widespread poverty. The political scene is characterized by ongoing polarization, with a power struggle between the government led by President Nicolás Maduro and opposition forces. Maduro succeeded the late Hugo Chávez in 2013, and his presidency has been marred by allegations of authoritarianism, human rights abuses, and electoral irregularities. The opposition, led by figures like Juan Guaidó, has sought to challenge Maduro’s government, leading to a complex and protracted political crisis. The country’s economic troubles have resulted in a humanitarian crisis, with shortages of basic goods, a collapsing healthcare system, and millions of Venezuelans fleeing the country in search of better opportunities. Despite having some of the world’s largest proven oil reserves, mismanagement, corruption, and external sanctions have contributed to Venezuela’s economic decline. International actors, including the United States and regional organizations, have been involved in diplomatic efforts to address the crisis, but a resolution remains elusive. Venezuela’s rich cultural heritage, diverse landscapes, and vibrant traditions stand in stark contrast to the challenges it faces, highlighting the complexities of its current predicament and the resilience of its people amid ongoing uncertainty about the country’s political and economic future. DISEASESLEARNING: Features political system of Venezuela.