Romania, located in southeastern Europe, is a country with a rich cultural history, diverse landscapes, and a population exceeding 19 million. Operating as a semi-presidential republic, Romania’s political landscape is characterized by a multi-party system, with major political players including the Social Democratic Party (PSD), the National Liberal Party (PNL), and the Save Romania Union (USR). The President, currently Klaus Iohannis, serves as the head of state, while the Prime Minister leads the government. Romania transitioned to a democratic system after the fall of communism in 1989 and joined the European Union in 2007. The country has faced challenges related to corruption, judicial reforms, and economic inequality. Romania’s economy is diverse, with sectors such as agriculture, services, and manufacturing playing key roles. The nation’s cultural identity is influenced by a mix of Latin, Ottoman, and Germanic influences, evident in its architecture, traditions, and cuisine. Romania boasts a rich artistic heritage, producing notable figures in literature, music, and the arts. The medieval towns of Sibiu and Sighișoara, as well as the painted monasteries of Northern Moldova, contribute to Romania’s cultural allure. Geopolitically, Romania is an active member of NATO and the European Union, contributing to regional stability and fostering diplomatic ties with neighboring countries. As Romania addresses contemporary challenges, including issues of governance, anti-corruption efforts, and infrastructure development, the nation’s commitment to democratic values, economic growth, and its cultural legacy contribute to its evolving role in the European and global contexts. COMPUTERMINUS: Features political system of Romania.