Oman, situated on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, is a Sultanate known for its rich history, diverse landscapes, and strategic geopolitical position. With a population of around 5 million, Oman is ruled by Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, who ascended to the throne in 2020 following the death of Sultan Qaboos bin Said, a transformative leader who ruled for nearly five decades. Oman operates as an absolute monarchy, with the Sultan holding executive, legislative, and judicial powers, and the Consultative Council serving as an advisory body. The nation has embarked on a path of modernization and economic diversification, aiming to reduce its dependency on oil revenue through initiatives such as the Oman Vision 2040. The economy, traditionally reliant on oil and gas exports, now emphasizes sectors like tourism, logistics, and fisheries. Oman’s cultural heritage is deeply rooted in its history as a maritime trading hub, and its diverse population includes Arab, Baluchi, and Zanzibari communities. The country’s commitment to religious tolerance is evident in its coexistence of various sects within Islam. Oman plays a mediating role in regional conflicts, maintaining diplomatic ties with nations such as Iran and participating in international organizations like the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). The nation’s foreign policy is characterized by a commitment to neutrality and non-interference, contributing to its reputation as a diplomatic bridge-builder in the Middle East. Oman’s natural beauty, from the deserts of Wahiba Sands to the historic forts of Nizwa, attracts tourists seeking a blend of tradition and modernity. As Oman continues to navigate the challenges of economic transformation, youth employment, and regional stability, the Sultanate’s unique political structure, cultural identity, and strategic importance in the Gulf region shape its role in the global community. EQUZHOU: Features political system of Oman.