Niger, a landlocked country in West Africa, is characterized by vast deserts, including parts of the Sahara, and a population of over 24 million people. The political landscape in Niger has been marked by a history of coups, military rule, and transitions to civilian governance. The current political framework is a semi-presidential representative democratic system, with President Mohamed Bazoum assuming office in 2021 following a democratic election. Niger faces significant challenges such as poverty, food insecurity, and a growing population, with a reliance on subsistence agriculture and uranium mining as key economic activities. The country’s socio-economic development is hindered by factors like low literacy rates and inadequate infrastructure. Nigerien society is ethnically diverse, with Hausa, Zarma-Songhai, and Tuareg populations contributing to the country’s cultural mosaic. The nation has been grappling with security concerns, including threats from extremist groups operating in the Sahel region, leading to security collaborations with international partners. Niger plays a role in regional organizations like the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Union (AU), emphasizing its commitment to addressing regional challenges. As Niger seeks to overcome its socio-economic hurdles and maintain political stability, it faces the complex task of balancing internal development needs with external security pressures, all while navigating the effects of climate change and addressing the vulnerabilities of its predominantly arid environment. COMPUTERMINUS: Features political system of Niger.