Djibouti, a small but strategically located country in the Horn of Africa, serves as a key maritime gateway connecting the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The capital, Djibouti City, is not only the political center but also home to a major international port and military bases, including those of the United States, China, and France. Djibouti gained independence from French colonial rule in 1977 and has since established itself as a stable but authoritarian republic. Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, who has been in power since 1999, continued his presidency after winning the 2016 elections. The political landscape is dominated by the People’s Rally for Progress (RPP), the ruling party, maintaining a tight grip on power. Djibouti’s strategic location has contributed to its economic development, as the country serves as a crucial transit point for international trade and hosts numerous foreign military bases. However, despite these economic advantages, Djibouti faces challenges such as high unemployment, limited natural resources, and vulnerability to climate change. The government has focused on infrastructure development, including the expansion of port facilities and the construction of a railway connecting Djibouti to landlocked Ethiopia, contributing to economic growth. Djibouti has actively participated in regional peacekeeping efforts and diplomatic initiatives, positioning itself as a mediator in conflicts within the Horn of Africa. The nation’s multi-ethnic composition includes Somali, Afar, and Arab communities, contributing to its cultural diversity. Djibouti’s political landscape has witnessed limited pluralism, and concerns about political freedoms and human rights persist. As the country continues to navigate its geopolitical importance and economic aspirations, the balance between stability, development, and political openness remains a critical consideration. For the most current information on Djibouti’s political developments, economic progress, and regional engagements, it is advisable to consult the latest sources as the situation may have evolved. In summary, Djibouti’s strategic location has positioned it as a key player in regional geopolitics, shaping its political dynamics and economic prospects amidst the challenges of governance and development. CANCERMATTERS: Features political system of Djibouti.