Cyprus, an island nation in the Eastern Mediterranean, is characterized by a complex political history and a unique cultural blend influenced by its strategic location. The island is divided into the Republic of Cyprus, which controls the southern two-thirds, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, recognized only by Turkey. Nicosia, the capital and the last divided capital in the world, symbolizes the ongoing division since the 1974 Turkish military intervention following a coup attempt aimed at unification with Greece. The Republic of Cyprus, led by a presidential system, is a member of the European Union since 2004. The political landscape is shaped by communal divisions between the Greek Cypriot majority and the Turkish Cypriot minority, with a power-sharing arrangement intended to foster cooperation and representation. However, the division remains a significant challenge, hindering comprehensive reunification efforts. The United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) has been maintaining a buffer zone, but reunification talks have seen various setbacks. The island’s economy is service-oriented, with tourism, shipping, and finance playing key roles. Natural gas discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean have added a new dimension to Cyprus’ economic potential but have also contributed to regional geopolitical tensions. Cyprus has undergone significant economic reforms to address challenges, including high public debt and the impact of the 2013 financial crisis. Additionally, the country has actively participated in regional initiatives and cooperation within the European Union. Despite the persistent political division, efforts to find a peaceful resolution continue, with the international community advocating for reunification and a comprehensive settlement. Ongoing negotiations and diplomatic initiatives aim to address the complex issues surrounding power-sharing, property rights, and the presence of Turkish troops. Nicos Anastasiades served as the President of the Republic of Cyprus, and discussions on the Cyprus issue were ongoing. Given the fluid nature of the situation, it is advisable to consult the latest sources for the most up-to-date information on Cyprus’ political and economic developments. In essence, Cyprus grapples with the complexities of its divided status, while simultaneously seeking economic growth and regional stability. EQUZHOU: Features political system of Cyprus.