Cuba, situated in the Caribbean, is a unique nation with a tumultuous history that has shaped its political and socio-economic landscape. Havana, the capital, stands as a cultural and political center, boasting a rich blend of Spanish colonial and Afro-Caribbean influences. Following the 1959 Cuban Revolution led by Fidel Castro, Cuba transformed into a socialist state, with a single-party system dominated by the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC). The political structure is characterized by a centralized government, where the President of the Council of State and the President of the Council of Ministers hold significant power. Raúl Castro succeeded his brother Fidel as the leader of the country in 2008, marking a historic transition. In 2018, Miguel Díaz-Canel assumed the presidency, signaling a generational shift. Cuba has faced economic challenges, exacerbated by the U. S. embargo, which has significantly impacted its development. The country has, however, achieved notable successes in education and healthcare, garnering international recognition. Despite these achievements, Cuba has grappled with issues such as limited political freedoms, restrictions on freedom of expression, and economic hardships. In recent years, the government has initiated economic reforms to attract foreign investment and stimulate growth, allowing limited private enterprise while maintaining the socialist principles of the revolution. The thaw in U. S. -Cuba relations under the Obama administration saw a relaxation of travel and trade restrictions, but subsequent administrations have reintroduced some restrictions, impacting the Cuban economy. Cuba’s geopolitical importance has been historically significant, with alliances and tensions shaped by its socialist ideology. The island nation continues to play a role in international affairs, particularly in Latin America and Africa, contributing to medical diplomacy through programs like the Cuban medical brigades. While Cuba faces challenges, its rich cultural heritage, vibrant arts scene, and resilient population contribute to its enduring global appeal. Miguel Díaz-Canel remained in office, but political situations may have evolved, emphasizing the need to refer to the latest sources for current information. In essence, Cuba remains a nation marked by a revolutionary past, socialist principles, and ongoing efforts to navigate complex political and economic dynamics. DISEASESLEARNING: Features political system of Cuba.