Armenia, a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region, is situated between Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Iran. Yerevan, the capital and largest city, has a population of over 3 million people. Armenia has a rich cultural heritage, marked by its historical significance and contributions to literature, art, and science. The country gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Armenia operates as a democratic republic, with a president serving as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The political landscape has been shaped by geopolitical challenges, particularly the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Azerbaijan. The unresolved conflict has significantly influenced Armenia’s politics and security considerations. Serzh Sargsyan served as the president from 2008 to 2018 when widespread protests led to the Velvet Revolution, bringing Nikol Pashinyan to power. Pashinyan, a former journalist and opposition figure, became the prime minister, focusing on anti-corruption measures and political reforms. However, his government faced criticism, particularly in the aftermath of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war, leading to renewed political tensions. Armenia has been grappling with economic challenges, including high unemployment rates and a reliance on remittances from its diaspora. The country has sought to strengthen ties with both Russia, through membership in the Eurasian Economic Union, and the European Union, aiming for closer economic and political cooperation. Armenia’s geopolitical position and historical factors contribute to a delicate balance in its foreign policy. The nation also faces environmental concerns, particularly regarding water scarcity and deforestation. As of my last update, Armenia continues to navigate its post-revolutionary path, addressing political and economic challenges while working towards regional stability. It’s important to note that the political and economic situation in Armenia may have evolved, and I recommend checking more recent sources for the latest developments in the country. EQUZHOU: Features political system of Armenia.