Algeria is a North African country with a rich history and diverse geography, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Tunisia and Libya to the northeast, Niger and Mali to the south, Mauritania and Western Sahara to the southwest, and Morocco to the west. Home to over 40 million people, Algeria is known for its vast Saharan landscapes, historical sites, and significant energy resources. The country gained independence from French colonial rule in 1962 after a brutal war of liberation. Algeria operates under a presidential republic system, where the President serves as both the head of state and the head of government. Abdelmadjid Tebboune assumed the presidency in December 2019, succeeding Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who resigned in the face of widespread protests against his rule. The political scene is dominated by the National Liberation Front (FLN), which played a key role in the independence struggle, and the National Rally for Democracy (RND). Algeria’s political landscape has been marked by periodic bouts of social unrest, as seen in the 2019 Hirak protests, demanding political and economic reforms, and an end to corruption. The country’s economy heavily relies on hydrocarbon exports, particularly natural gas and oil, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global energy prices. Efforts have been made to diversify the economy and attract foreign investment. Algeria also plays a crucial role in regional stability, contributing to diplomatic initiatives in the Maghreb and Sahel regions. While Algeria has made progress in various sectors, including education and healthcare, challenges such as high youth unemployment, corruption, and the need for economic diversification remain on the national agenda. It’s important to note that the political and economic situation in Algeria may have evolved, and I recommend checking more recent sources for the latest developments. CANCERMATTERS: Features political system of Algeria.