In 2019, Slovakia had a population density of 116
residents per km2. The largest concentrations
are found in Bratislava and in the area east and southeast
thereof. In 2019, 54 percent of the population lived in
cities, of which Bratislava (419 700 residents, 2015) and
Košice (239 500) are the largest. The largest population is
Slovak, but there is also a significant proportion of
Hungarians and Roma in the country.
The official language is Slovak, spoken by 4.5 million.
The largest minority language is Hungarian (just over
500,000). Czech, Romani and Ukrainian are spoken as native
languages by significant groups, while the Polish and
Russian minorities are relatively small.
Countryaah data, about 70% of the population (1994) belongs to the Roman
Catholic Church (about 60% with Latin Rite, about 10% with
Byzantine). An autocephalic Orthodox church is found in
eastern Slovakia. The Lutheran Church was founded in 1530.
The Hungarian speakers have been reformed since the 17th
century. As an independent community, Slovakia's Reformed
Church was founded in 1918 after the fall of the Habsburg
Empire (about 20% of the population).