1980 Tito dies
after Tito's death in April 1980, power passed to a
collegiate presidential council consisting of one
representative from each republic and autonomous province,
as well as the president of the LCY. The presidency went on
tour and for a year at a time. The new regime preserved
Tito's self-government socialism and freedom of alliance.
Despite the fruitful economic development of the 1960's,
Serbia and Croatia in particular became exporters of labor.
The amounts that their migrant workers sent home from
especially Germany, Austria and Italy, together with the
tourist income, helped to offset the current account
deficit. This importance became even greater in the 1980's
as the economy deteriorated.
In March-April 1981, riots erupted in the province of
Kosova, and this was repeated in 1988 and 90. It was the
poorest province in Yugoslavia with a population of 1.9
million, 90% of whom were of Albanian descent. In 1990,
unemployment was 50% and per capita income was US $ 730,
while in Serbia it was US $ 2,200.
1995 Dayton Peace Agreement
Milosovic's position was further strengthened following
the peace agreement in Dayton, Ohio in November. But his
greatest triumph was when the United States, following the
signing of the Paris peace agreement on December 14, lifted
the sanctions against Yugoslavia. During the blockade,
incomes had fallen to half and a million and a half had been
thrown into unemployment.
One month before the August 96 elections in Bosnia,
220,640 refugees of this nationality had registered as
voters in Serbia and Montenegro.
In November 1996, the opposition won the local elections
in Serbia - including the mayor's post in Belgrade. When the
ruling Socialist Party refused to recognize the election
result, it led to several months of daily and extensive
popular protest demonstrations, ultimately forcing the
Milosovic regime to recognize the election result. However,
during 1997 Milosovic managed to split the opposition.
1997 The conflict in Kosova intensifies
In 1997, clashes took place between the federal army and
the people of Kosova. Milosovic conducted a referendum
throughout Serbia on whether foreign mediators should be
involved in the conflict, and this was rejected by 75% of
voters. The vote was boycotted by the Albanian speaking
population of Kosova.
In April 98, the Yugoslav army killed two Albanian
nationals trying to enter the country. The pretext was that
they were "terrorists". This worsened the relationship
between Yugoslavia and Albania accused by Belgrade of arming
the independence movement UCK in Kosova. A week later, the
so-called "contact group" consisting of the United States,
France, Italy, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom formed
a common position vis-à-vis the events in which they called
for dialogue between the parties. The United States wanted
to go further by declaring that a new blockade of Yugoslavia
should be introduced for, inter alia, to prevent arms and
investment imports if Milosovic refused to enter into
dialogue. However, this threat was rejected by Russia, which
has traditionally been close to Serbia.