In 2019, the country's natural population increase was
estimated at 2.2 percent per year. However, actual
population growth was −0.2 per cent, since emigration to
primarily New Zealand, American Samoa and the United States
About 115,000 of the population live on Upolu, and the
settlements are almost exclusively along the coast. The only
city in Samoa is Apia, with 35,800 residents (2012).
Countryaah data, about 88 percent of residents are Polynesians; 10 percent
are of European-Polynesian descent ("Euronesian") and the
remainder are mixed.
Samoan and English are official languages. The majority
of the population speak Samoan.
Christianity is an integral part of Samoan society and
its rich culture. The churches comprise 100% of the
population with the Congregational Christian Church in Samoa
being the largest with 43%. In the 1830s it was introduced
by legendary sailor John Williams and missionaries from
Tahiti, while Methodism, comprising 17% (1999), came through
tongues. In addition to some smaller churches, there are 21%
Roman Catholics and 10% Mormons. The Samoa Council of
Churches plays an important role in the joint work.