At the country's most recent census in 2002, Macedonians
were the country's largest population group (64 percent),
followed by Albanians (24 percent), Turks (4 percent) and
Roma (3 percent).
Countryaah data, the population density in the country is 82 residents per
km2, and the largest population concentrations
are in the northern and western parts of the country.
The share of the urban population was 58 percent, and the
most populous cities are Skopje (500 400 residents, 2015)
and Kumanovo (73 100).
The official language is the South Slavic Macedonian,
which has a short history as a written language/standard
language, only since the Second World War. The Macedonian is
also recognized according to the Council of Europe's
language statute as a regional or minority language in
The dialects in Northern Macedonia and in neighboring
parts of Greece, Albania, Serbia and Bulgaria are considered
by the Northern Macedonians themselves dialects of the
Macedonian language. Bulgarian dialectologists, on the other
hand, usually consider that these dialects belong to the
Bulgarian language. Since there is some justification for
both positions, this will continue to be a matter of
Northern Macedonia has large linguistic minorities; the
largest minority language is Albanian (about 25 percent of
the population). Other minority languages are Turkish,
Serbian, Romani and Vlachian/Aramaic. Northern Macedonia
has not yet ratified the Council of Europe's language
statute, but minority languages still have large rights in
municipalities where there is a minority of at least 20
The religious image in Northern Macedonia reflects the
ethnic composition. A majority (about 67 percent) are
Orthodox Christians; the vast minority of Albanians are
mainly Muslims and they make up about 30 percent of the
The Orthodox Church in the former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia was formerly under the Patriarchate of Belgrade.
In 1967, it declared itself an autocephalous
(self-governing) church, a decision which, however, did not
gain official recognition in the Orthodox world.