Countryaah data, the native population is of mixed but predominantly
Micronesian origin. The largest groups are the Chuukese (47
percent) and the Pohnpei (24 percent). More than half the
population lives on the Chuuk Islands and just over a
quarter on Pohnpei. The population lives mainly in the
countryside, which is fairly densely populated.
The official language is English. The population speaks
different Austronesian languages from the oceanic group,
most of which are Chuukese.
In the Micronesian Federation, virtually everyone
professes Christianity. Missionaries from Hawaii were
driving when the Congregationalist Church was established in
Kosrae and Pohnpei around 1850. The Christian ideals were
integrated with local culture, and the church was then
spread by Pohnpeier to the Chuuk Islands. In the 1890s, the
Spanish Capuchins founded with great difficulty the Roman
Catholic Church at Yap, which today is exclusively Catholic.
However, the shift of colonial powers, and thus the changing
language of instruction, complicated the situation. The
Catholic Church was also established at Pohnpei and Chuuk,
and today comprises just over 50% of the population.