the Kwajalein and Bikini Atolls became seriously known in
recent history in February 1944, when they were subjected to
fierce North American air and sea bombings and subsequently
occupied after a long and bloody battle against the Japanese
forces. Due. the strategic position of the islands, the
military rulers decided that despite the many falls and the
much blood, it was worth conquering this small coral group,
which, like pearls on a string, surround large lagoons.
In the 1950's, the United States used the islands for
nuclear test blasts. The residents of an island were
deported, after which the United States conducted a trial.
In some cases, the residents were then allowed to return.
They involuntarily participated in the US experiments with
the long-term effects of the explosion. In 1954, the United
States dropped its largest hydrogen bomb during the Cold War
on Namu Island in the Bikini Atoll. The physicists had made
a number of serious mistakes in their calculations, so the
bomb was 2.5 times more powerful than calculated and with a
radioactive fallout that was several hundred times more
extensive than calculated. The "secret" test blast therefore
remained secret only for a few days. Only 48 hours after the
blast, several thousand residents of the Rongelap and
Rongerik atolls had to be evacuated in a hurry due to the
extensive radioactive fallout. A Japanese fishing boat,
Daigo Fukuryū Maru, was also directly hit by the fallout.
One died immediately and several others got radiation
sickness. The incident created a disaster in Japan and a
diplomatic crisis in relation to the United States, which
was only "resolved" when the US granted $ 15.3 million US $
in compensation to the victims. However, the giant atomic
cloud reached the stratosphere completely, guaranteeing that
the fall occurred all over the globe - but mostly in the
tropical regions. The evacuated residents of the atolls
received no compensation, but were instead subjected to
medical tests to map the radiation damage they received when
they returned to their islands.