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Religion in Libya

Religions of Libya

Libya is Africa's most developed country. Acc. UNDP's 2009 HDI index placed Libya in first place in Africa.

The popular, Arab and socialist Yamahiriya - known as Libya - has historically occupied an intermediate position in the political-economic relations in North Africa. Its location on the Pharaohs of Egypt influenced its cultural development, but even though two Libyan dynasties ruled Egypt in it 10-8. century BCE a single state was never formed. The development of another political-economic pole at the country's western border - Carthage and later the Romans - promoted this duality. After the Arabs conquered the area in the 7th century, the centers of power on one side of Tunisia and Morocco and on the other of Egypt.

According to Countryaah data, the development of the trade at sea and the pirate business transformed Tripoli into one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean, and this was the background of the first European and then the invasion of the Turkish sultan. In 1551, Solomon incorporated the Radiant Territory into the Ottoman Empire. However, with the weakening of central power, the governors gained ever greater autonomy, which provided the basis for the development of independence projects. In the early 19th century, the pirate business was also a pretext for the United States' first military intervention abroad. In 1804, the United States bombed Tripoli.

In 1837, Mohamed al-Sanusi formed a secret Muslim Brotherhood, known as Sanusiya. A Puritan religious movement that arose among the tribes and inhabitants of the eastern part of the country. Its purpose was to promote opposition to the Turkish government, and it also acted in Egypt. But the enemy would later become another. In light of the decline of the Ottoman Empire, Italy declaredin 1911 the empire war and occupied the Libyan coastline - the last possession of the Ottomans in North Africa. At the outbreak of World War I, the Italians reduced their presence to the ports of Tripoli and Homs (Al-Khums), while the rest of the area was in fact independent. When the world war was over, the Italian invasion forces were facing a fierce armed resistance led by Sidi Omar al-Mukhtar. It was only when he was captured and hanged in 1931 that the area came under control and was incorporated into the Italian kingdom.

The Sanusi movement was active in neighboring Egypt and cooperated with the Allies during World War II. The leader of the fraternity, Idris al-Sanusi, was recognized by the English as Emir of Cirenaica. When the world war was over, the area was divided into two zones. One - Tripoli and Cirenaica - was administered by the English, while the other - Fezzan - was administered by the French from Chad. In 1949, the United Nations decided to unite the two zones and the independent kingdom of Libya was formed with Idris al-Sanusi on the throne.

1949 Independence

The poor economic base of the new state and the king's conservative and western-oriented rule tied the country closely to the interests of western imperialism. Up to the 1960s, the taxes of the North American and British military bases in the country accounted for half of Libya's national income. In 1959, the oil company Esso found oil in the desert of Libya, and through the 1960s oil production expanded rapidly. North American companies accounted for 87% of production. The nation's revenues from oil production accrued to a small dominion of leading families, local businessmen and the middlemen of imperialism.

At the same time, inflation and a lack of agricultural development led to a decline in rural employment, which triggered emigration to the cities and a slum life. The influence of the pan-Arabian currents in other Arab countries and from Nasser in neighboring Egypt played a major role in political awareness. Among the educated youth from the lower social strata, a strong dissatisfaction developed. Among other things. because their only options in society were a career in the military. This was the case, among other things. Muammar Gaddafi - born in 1942 as the son of a Bedouin family.

 

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