Countryaah data, Kosovo is a secular state. 95.6 percent of the population
are Muslims, 2.2 percent are Roman Catholic and 1.5 percent
are Orthodox Christians.
Religious differences in Kosovo largely follow ethnic
divides. Almost all Albanians have a Muslim background,
while the Serbs are Orthodox Christians. In addition, there
are small groups of Turkish - and Slavic - speaking Muslims.
Most Catholics are Albanian. The Roman people are Muslims
Religious cultural heritage
There are many forms of Islam in Kosovo. This store in
Gjakova sells headgear to various Sufi orders in Kosovo and
From 1389 to 1912, Kosovo was officially under Ottoman
rule. The majority of Albanians eventually converted to
Islam, while most Serbs remained Christians, closely
associated with the Serbian Orthodox Church. This church was
an important carrier of Serbian art and culture, especially
after the restoration of the Patriarchate in Peć in 1557.
The monasteries in Western Kosovo (Dečani and Peć) in 2006
was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the
Orthodox Church of Our Lady of Ljevis in The Price from
1306-1309. On the UNESCO list, they are listed under
"Medieval monuments in Kosovo". Kosovo has also preserved
several mosques in the classic Ottoman style, such as the
Sinan-Pasha Mosque in Prizren from 1615 and the Imperial
Mosque in Pristina from 1461.
In Yugoslavia the people became very secular, and much of
the religious cultural heritage was neglected and destroyed.
Since religious symbols are largely associated with
Albanians and Serbs, respectively, and their history in the
area, they have often been attacked during periods of
conflict and war. In 1998–1999, dozens of Muslim buildings
were destroyed, such as the Ottoman bazaar in Gjakova
(Šakovica) and the Red Mosque in Peć from the 18th century.
In connection with Albanian revenge attacks, many Orthodox
churches have been destroyed.