Countryaah data, the Ivory Coast had an average population density of 78
residents per km 2 in 2019. However, the
population is very unevenly distributed, with strong
concentration in the Abidjan area. The country has a very
young population; 42 percent of residents are under 15 years
In 2019, 51 percent of the population lived in urban
areas. The largest cities are Abidjan (4.7 million
residents, 2015) and Bouaké (542,000 residents).
Most of Cote d'Ivoire's more than 60 ethnic groups are
divided into four main linguistic groups, the Kwa-speaking
Akan people in the South-East, the Kwa-speaking Kuwaiti in
the Southwest, Man-speaking peoples in the central parts of
the country and in the North-West, and Gur-speaking people
in the North; in addition, smaller groups of Kwa-speaking
lagoon people in the south. All these people feed mainly on
agriculture, on the coast and along the rivers in
combination with fishing. Base crops are jams, cassava,
bananas and sweet potatoes in the former forest area, rice
in the coastal band and sorghum on the savanna. Breeding
crops comprise, among other things, coffee, cotton, cocoa,
peanuts and tobacco. In addition to the African peoples,
almost 60,000 Lebanese and 10,000 French and other Europeans
were previously noticed, mainly in the cities.
The Akan people are made up of baule who, with just over
3 million, are the country's largest ethnic group, as well
as anyi (610,000) and akie (200,000); these peoples have
matrilineal lineage and were traditionally organized in a
series of chiefdom, which for Baule's part in the 18th
century was united in a larger kingdom. The people of Kruger
include Lower or We (320,000), on the border with Liberia,
and Pasture (500,000), east of Niger's area. They are
organized into patrilineal descent groups without
centralized political leadership.
Among the male-speaking peoples, there are (500,000) in
the northwest, known for their "secret societies" (porn),
and gurus (380,000) in the region around Bouaflé. The Muslim
people also include the Muslim traders Dyula (253,000) and
Soninke (an estimated 115,000) in the north; the latter are
immigrants from Mali.
The Guru-speaking peoples include senufo (1.1 million) in
the north and kulango-bouna (200,000) in the east, and
206,000 from Burkina Faso immigrated lobby in the northeast;
these people, like Dan and Guro, form the tribal communities
(ie lack formal political leadership). The lagoon people,
who are culturally related to Akan, comprise a number of
smaller groups, including monkey (300,000), avikam (30,000)
and ebrie (82,000). More than a quarter of the population
consists of immigrants from other African countries.
The official language is French. The indigenous
population speaks some seventy different languages, mainly
from the Niger-Congo languages (branches kwa, gur, kru and
mande) The two largest are baule (15%) and senufo (9%). See
also the section population and Ethnography above.
About 60% of the population encompasses traditional
African religions. About 24% are Muslims, less than 16% are
Roman Catholics. The largest among the Protestant groups are
the Methodists. Syncretism is widespread.