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Religion in Hungary

Population

According to Countryaah data, Hungary has a population density of 107 residents per km 2 with the largest population concentrations in the Budapest, Miskolc and Szeged areas. Through the post-World War I borders, Hungary became a relatively homogeneous state; the ethnic Hungarians make up 90-95 percent of the population. The largest minority group is the Roma, which is estimated to be 4–6 percent; other groups are Germans (2 percent) and Slovaks (1 percent).

Religions of Hungary

Hungary has for a long time had a negative natural population change. The proportion of residents in cities is 71 percent. The largest cities are Budapest (1.8 million residents, 2017), Debrecen (202,000) and Miskolc (157,200).

Language

Due to Hungary's large post-World War II country resettlement, Hungarian is the dominant language in the country. Among minority languages, primarily Romani. Smaller groups speak Romanian and German.

Religion

Christianity reached present-day Hungary already during Roman times. During the 9th century, missions from both Byzantine and German existed. When Hungary transitioned to Christianity under Stefan I (about the year 1000), they joined the Latin Western Church. The Archbishop's seat became Esztergom. Through the Reformation a Lutheran and a Reformed Church arose. In 1988, 66% of Roman Catholics, 18% of Reformed, 4% of Lutherans and all other communities were counted 2.4%. During the communist era, the religious communities were strongly oppressed. In 1990 freedom of religion was introduced. Seized property was returned to the communities during the 1990s. The number of Roman Catholic orders is steadily increasing.

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