In February 1996, part of the army rebelled when it did not
receive promised pay increases. The rebellion developed into
an attempt to overthrow the government, but was defeated in
a matter of days, despite the failure of 2000 soldiers and
some officers to bring the capital of the capital under
their control and bomb the presidential palace. Several
officials were accused of supporting the coup makers and
sent to prison. In July, economist Sidia Touré was named
prime minister. He declared that his government's first
priority would be to reactivate the economy.
Sierra Leone's president, Ahmed Tejan Kabbah was overthrown
by a coup in May 1997 and fled to Guinea with most of his
government's ministers. The instability in the neighboring
country caused thousands to flee into Guinea for fear of
attacks on their towns and villages.
AIDS remains a serious problem in Africa. In November 97,
it was estimated that 1.5% of Guinea's population is
affected by the disease. The percentage is one of the lowest
in Africa, yet many times higher than in rich countries such
In September 1998, emergency organizations sent food to
the country's northwest, where dozens of people had died as
a result of prolonged drought. In November, Sierra Leone and
Liberia signed a non-assault pact in Conakry during a
meeting led by North American priest Jesse Jackson,
President Clinton's special envoy. Both countries were
accused of protecting and supporting various rebel groups.
At the December 13 presidential election, Lansana Conte
was re-elected with 54.1% of the vote. At the same time, the
Democratic Opposition Coordination Council criticized that
its lists had not been distributed across the country and
that the closing of the country's borders had prevented
opposition voters from reaching neighboring countries. The
day after the election, opposition leader Alphe Conde was
arrested for attempting to overthrow the government and to
leave the country illegally in 1993 - to go into exile.
In February 1999, UN High Commissioner for Refugees,
Sadako Ogata visited refugee camps with ˝ million people
from Sierra Leone and Liberia. In March, Sidya Toure,
without stating the reason, was deprived of the post of
prime minister. Instead, it was handed over to Lamine Sidime.
On July 21, French President Jacques Chirac visited
Guinea as part of an official tour of West Africa. He met
with opposition politicians asking for his complicity in the
release of Alphe Conde. In September, representatives from
Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia met in Nigeria, where they
formed a committee to "reduce conflicts in the border areas
of the countries". Guinea and Liberia mutually accused each
other of housing rebel groups.
In November, against female genital mutilation, women
declared that after 14 years of working against this "human
rights violation" practice, doctors had achieved the use of
appropriate instruments, preventing excessive bleeding and
In January 2000, Secretary of Defense Sekou Koureissy
Conde issued a three-day ultimatum to Muslims and Christians
fighting for land in Balizia. Battles that in less than a
week had cost over 30 lives.
The economic growth of recent years has enabled the
implementation of a number of government projects, which
include: was formulated in Guinea Vision 2010 from 1999.
This project catalog prioritized strategies to reduce
poverty and the development of areas such as education and
health. On April 21, 2000, a meeting of the West African
Common Market, ECOWAS, decided to establish a single coin in