The majority of Costa Rica's population lives in the
central highlands, where the capital, San JosÚ, is located.
73 percent of Costa Rica's population live in cities.
Countryaah data, Costa Rica has Central America's most homogeneous
population with just under 90 percent of pure European
origin and only 7 percent of Mestiz. An English-speaking
black minority lives in the banana district on the Caribbean
coast, where they were imported by United Fruit Co. at the
beginning of the 20th century. The thousands of Indians
(mainly Chibcha people like bribrÝ and cabecar) who remain
live scattered in remote mountain areas.
Homogeneity is also reflected in religion, culture and
living standards. Catholic values characterize society and
family; so include Easter week processions to the highlights
of the year. Recently, however, North American influence has
The official language, Spanish, is spoken as the mother
tongue by the overwhelming majority. An English-based Creole
language is used on the Caribbean coast (1-2%), while
speakers of various Chibcha languages (in the southern
part of the country) make up about 0.5% of the population.
During the colonial church, Native American religions
were exterminated. After independence in 1821, the Catholic
Church lost its privileges. Methodists, Lutherans, and
Baptists came in the 19th century, as did the men's Hutism
that came to the Atlantic coast, where there are Afro-Indian
religious traditions. About 90% of the population are
Catholics. Ecumenical cooperation is aimed at poverty.
Evangelical groups are growing the most.