After an election campaign marked by allegations of
irregularities, in May 2002, Assoumani was deployed as the
federation's president. Mohamed Fazul was declared winner of
the Moheli election, which was also marked by
irregularities, Bacar won the presidential election at
Anjouan and Abdou Soule Elbak was elected president of Gran
the constant disputes between Assoumani and Elbak on the
distribution of tax revenue, security and the budget delayed
the parliamentary elections to be held in 2003. After
neighboring countries, international organizations and civil
society groups mediated in the conflict, agreements could be
concluded in December 2003. holding elections in April 2004.
The federal parliamentary elections in April 2004 were
won by the national parties from each of the 3 autonomous
islands. These parties are primarily united because of their
opposition to President Assoumani, who rules while the
opposition controls parliament.
In August, vanilla registered a sharp fall in the price
of international markets, which could in the long run lead
to disaster for this industry. Vanilla is the most important
export product from the estates, where political turmoil in
recent years has slowed investment in other sectors. 33% of
the country's agricultural exports are made up of vanilla.
statistics from the FAO. Agriculture accounts for 40% of
In September, French journalist Morad Aït-Habbouche was
arrested in Moroni immediately after his arrival in Gran
Comora, accused of "preparing for a coup d'état". The
journalist was arrested along with Said Larifou, leader of
the opposition association Rassemblement pour une initiative
de développement avec une jeunesse Avertie (RIDJA), which
had been running for the presidential election at Gran
Comora the year before. Larifor was charged with
participation in the coup plans.
That same month, Larifou and his supporters had organized
a protest demonstration in Mbeni - on the eastern coast of
Gran Comora. The demonstration had attended about 1,500.
Larifou had criticized both the local and the central
government, because of the blind comorian government in his
opinion was inside.
In January 2005, the first state visit in 30 years by the
Comoros took place in France, when Assoumani and his French
counterpart Jacques Chirac agreed to "revitalize" relations
between the two countries. In April, the Karthala volcano
erupted on the island of Njazidja. The outbreak lasted only
a few days, but was so severe that 40,000 people were
evacuated. In 2006, the volcano had another minor eruption.
It is currently considered one of the world's most active
Religious leader Ahmed Abdallah Sambi won the
presidential election in May 2006, after defeating 2 other
candidates from Anjouan - the island to which he had the
presidential post in the rotating presidential system.
In June 2007, governor elections were held on each of the
islands, monitored by the African Union. Subsequently,
France refused to recognize the result at Anjouan. On this
island, Bacar had been re-elected, despite the fact that he
was. the law could not repeal. The conflict culminated when
a force from the OAU in March 2008 attacked Anjouan and
removed Bacar, who subsequently sought asylum in Mayotte.
The OAU forces consisted of soldiers from Sudan, Senegal and
Tanzania, and also had logistical support from Libya and
France. Bacar subsequently sought asylum in France, leading
to anti-French demonstrations in the Comoros demanding him
extradited. In May, France rejected the asylum application,
but at the same time decided not to send him back to the
Comoros on the grounds that he would be subject to
The December 2010 presidential election was won by
Ikililou Dhoinine with 61.2% of the vote. He got 28.2% in
the first round of the election.