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Religion in Austria

Population

With an average population density of 105 residents per km2 (2019), Austria does not belong to Europe's more densely populated countries. More than 40 percent of the population lives around Vienna in the northeast (just over 1/4 of the country's residents live in Vienna's metropolitan area) and about 1/3 in the Upper Austria and Styria, while the alpine-dominated areas in the west and south (with the exception of Vorarlberg) are relatively sparse.. The largest cities are Vienna (1.8 million residents, 2014), Graz (270,300), Linz (193,800), Salzburg (146,600) and Innsbruck (124,600).

Religions of Austria

population growth was slow for most of the 20th century. In 1900, the present Austria had about 6 million residents, 7 million reached in 1952, 7.5 million in 1981 and 8 million in 2000. Birth rates have long been low, and the world wars and periods of strong emigration have left clear traces. During the post-war period, immigration surpluses have usually been moderate, despite the occasional large immigration. However, during the early 1990s, the eastern parts of the country saw a significant increase in population, mainly as a result of a strong influx of refugees and to a certain extent labor immigration to the Vienna area. At the beginning of the 1990s, Austria's immigration and asylum laws were sharpened and thereafter the number of asylum seekers has fallen sharply. In 2015, 17.2 percent of Austria's population was born abroad. Of these, 7.9 percent were born in another EU country.

For information on life expectancy and other demographic statistics, see Country facts.

Language

According to Countryaah data, Austria is mainly German-speaking. The German standard language is spoken with a distinctive southern German accent that is part of the national identity. The vocabulary contains over 1,000 so-called Austriacisms, ie. words that are typically Austrian. In the southernmost part of the state of Carinthia there is a Slovenian-speaking minority of about 20,000 people (2010) and in the state of Burgenland a roughly equal Croatian-speaking minority and a small Hungarian-speaking minority of about 5,000 people. The rights of language minorities are guaranteed in the 1955 Austrian state treaty.

Austria Population

Religion

Christianity reached Austria as early as the 300s, and in the following centuries a number of monasteries were built. The Archbishop's seat in Salzburg came to about 700. A true ward division took place only during Karl the Great's time. The following medieval development was entirely parallel to German. Vienna became bishop's seat in 1469. The reformation was initially successful but was forced back in the 1600s. Mary Teresia and Joseph II made the Catholic Church a state church, marked by the ideas of the Enlightenment (Compare Joseph II).

The state church system was abolished in 1848, when religious freedom was also introduced; In 1870 the church was once again tied to the state. Despite strong anti-clericalism, there was no equivalent to the cultural struggle in Germany. The authoritarian Catholic regime under Engelbert Dollfuss struck a concord with the Pope in 1934. This was renewed in 1957 and still exists. 78% of the population (1995) are Roman Catholics, 5% belong to the evangelical churches (Lutheran and Reformed); about 8.5% refer to themselves as religious.

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