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Religion in Albania

Religions of Albania

1939-44

It was not until the end of 1942 that an effective armed resistance struggle started against the Italian occupiers when the newly formed Albanian Communist Party (AKP, 1948 APA). See Hoxha) formed the National Liberation Movement, LNC (Levizja Nacional Clirimtare). This was predominantly a front that consisted of the AKP and the Ghegian tribal chiefs in the north. But this communist-dominated front was not wide enough to bring together all the national anti-fascist forces. Another liberation movement - the National Union - BK (Balli Kombėtar), was formed at the same time as the main base among the fools in the south. It consisted of more traditional bourgeois elements and was clearly anti-Soviet and pro-English. BK, unlike the LNC, advocated that the Kosovar region as Italy assigned to Albania should be retained after the war. This was a requirement that gave BK considerable support. The Communist-dominated LNC did not support this claim, mainly because of the close cooperation with and dependence on the Yugoslav Communist Party, who could not accept any territorial relinquishment. After Italy's capitulation in 1943, the LNC concentrated its attacks on BK, and was close to victory when the Germans occupied the country that year. The Germans tried to neutralize the resistance movement by guaranteeing an independent Albania to include the Kosovo area after the war. BK agreed to form government, while LNC continued the fight against both the German forces and BK. In November 1944, when the last German forces left the country, any organized resistance to the LNC was crushed. BK agreed to form government, while LNC continued the fight against both the German forces and BK. In November 1944, when the last German forces left the country, any organized resistance to the LNC was crushed. BK agreed to form government, while LNC continued the fight against both the German forces and BK. In November 1944, when the last German forces left the country, any organized resistance to the LNC was crushed.

1944-48

Religions of Religion in AlbaniaAccording to Countryaah data, the absolute power of the AKP was the result of an independent struggle against Italian and German occupation forces and a civil resistance movement. In this regard, the post-war Albanian and Yugoslav communists stood in a special position in Eastern Europe. By virtue of the power monopoly of the party, they resolutely and hard-headed began to consolidate their leadership in all spheres of society. It did not present insurmountable problems. The class structure of Albanian society had not undergone significant changes in the country's short independence period. The vast majority of the population were peasants, mostly illiterate. The working classwas scarce and scattered and was associated with smaller craft companies and a larger cement factory in Shkodėr. There was no industrial working class with its own organizations and combat experience. The formerly influential landowners in the south were put off by the traitor settlement and the land reforms in 1945. The small intellectual middle layer had gained some influence in the interwar period and now made up over 75% of AKP members.

Albania Population

In 1944, the new communist leaders were far along the way facing the same problems as Zog in the twenties. The war had financially set the country back decades. Albania survived predominantly during 1945-46 by virtue of 27 mill. dollars from the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. But the Albanian leaders, like Zog, had to ask for help from abroad to re-establish and develop the country. The influence of the Yugoslav Communist Party in the AKP was very strong as a result of the close cooperation between the two parties during the war. There was no indication that this cooperation should not continue. In 1946, the two states entered into agreements which meant that Albania received significant financial assistance from Yugoslavia. The following year, economic and political cooperation was further strengthened. It was decided to create «Mixed Companies», to exploit Albania's oil and mineral deposits as well as start railway construction. A Yugoslav-Albanian bank was to be established, as well as a customs union and a settlement of the currencies of the two countries. These «Mixed Companies» were organized in the same way as those established by the Soviet Union in cooperation with the other peoples' democracies - also with Yugoslavia. There is little doubt that Albania had great benefits from economic cooperation with Yugoslavia. For the long term, this cooperation on the part of Yugoslavia required a more or less pronounced integration of Albania into Yugoslavia, and Yugoslavia considered its investments in Albania almost as investments in a future province. Especially on the basis of plans for a Balkan federation, which Bulgaria was also planning to include Hoxha). The political contradictions between Yugoslavia and the USSR that developed gradually gave the anti-Yugoslav wing of the AKP greater freedom of action, and the final rupture between Yugoslavia and the USSR on June 28, 1948 gave this wing free hands. Only two days after the breach, Albania, as the first Eastern European country, terminated all its political and economic agreements with Yugoslavia.

 

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